Uniquely, Django Reinhardt fits several simultaneous archetypes. Jean "Django" Reinhardt was born 23 January 1910 in Liberchies, Pont-à-Celles, Belgium, into a family of Manouche Romani descent. The burns slowly healed, but resulted in severe contractures of the left ring and little fingers which made conventional guitar technique impossible.⇓ Despite these devastating injuries Django painstakingly re-learnt the guitar during an 18 month convalescence. Petsch H-K. Django: A Jazz Tribute. Like all Europeans, they also played waltzes. He was the first jazz talent to emerge from Europe and remains the most significant. The Legacy of Django Reinhardt. However, on 26 October 1928 disaster struck. Access this article for 1 day for:£30 / $37 / €33 (excludes VAT). They were very poor, and to supplement their income, Bella made imitation flowers out of celluloid and paper. Django Reinhardt was a virtuoso jazz guitarist and composer who began his career in France at the age of 13. In Django’s case this procedure was performed nearly three months after the original injury, which indicates that these areas had sustained deep, almost certainly full thickness, burns. Although we can no longer evaluate him in a modern clinical setting, some (albeit preciously limited) film footage of Django exists in circulation. Django’s catalog is a veritable goldmine — not only to enjoy as some of the most beautiful music ever recorded but also as a window into the development of swing, chordal improvisation, and powerful, powerful use of melody. Django’s technique was only possible because of the remarkable length and span of his index and middle fingers.18 Photographs show that he could play a “barre” across the full width of the fret board using just the distal two phalanges of his index finger,19 and a half barre with the distal phalanx of his middle finger20; and analysis of film footage11 shows that he could effortlessly span a distance of at least 120 mm between the tips of his index and middle fingers. The enduring popularity of Django’s music is testament to his innate genius and determination. (Photo credit/copyright: Michel Descamps, 1950). Wininger M(1), Williams DJ(2). His mother, Laurence Reinhardt, was a dancer. Balmer P. Stephane Grappelli: With and Without Django. A carelessly dropped cigarette ignited a bunch of highly flammable celluloid flowers, turning Django’s roulotte into an inferno. May 16, 1953 – Jean Baptiste “Django” Reinhardt was born on January 23, 1910 in Liberchies, Pont-à-Celles, Belgium, into a French family of Manouche Romani descent. The jazz guitarist Django Reinhardt, limited by burn injuries, developed a musical technique that created a new musical genre. His novel technique, combined with influences from musette, flamenco, bebop and swing jazz, as well as classical influences from the composers Bach, Debussy, and Ravel, defined a new genre of music known as “Gypsy Jazz” that has influenced many generations of classical and popular musicians since then.7 8 9 Django returned to public performance in 1930 and from this point he enjoyed worldwide acclaim as a musical pioneer and performer until his untimely death from a cerebral haemorrhage in the picturesque village of Samois-sur-Seine on 16 May 1953. UK: Efor Films Entertainment, 2006:46m. Anon. Django Reinhardt’s tenure as dazzling lead guitarist of the Quintette du Hot Club de France only spanned 14 years in total, but his recordings have become the blueprints for a thriving, steadily evolving musical sub-genre. Hand Anthropometry of US Army Personnel. Alexandre P, Charle F. Plan de guitare Selmer No 807. With the art form less than 20 years old, this had a profound long-term impact, paving the way for later players in countries as diverse as Brazil, Norway, Ethiopia and South Africa to put their own local slant on the music. When you hear the guitar playing of Django Reinhardt, with its fluid phrasing and lightning-fast arpeggios, it’s incredible to think that he had only two good fingers on his left hand. Reinhardt's nickname purportedly means "I Awake" in the Romani language, however it may also simply have been a diminutive, or local Walloon version, of "Jean". More with less: A comparative kinematical analysis of Django Reinhardt's adaptations to hand injury. Django Reinhardt, a guitarist of Romani ethnicity, is dazzling the crowds in Paris during the later days of the German occupation. You can download a PDF version for your personal record. "Django" portrays one chapter in the musician's eventful life and is a gripping tale of survival. Fortunately, some great musicians have been able to work beyond their injuries and relearn to play, in some cases, making them even better musicians than they ever were before. A worthy introduction is the 36-track Best of Djangologie, which streams on Apple Music and Spotify. [4] [5]. Jean Reinhardt (23 January 1910 – 16 May 1953) stage name Django Reinhardt (French: [dʒãŋɡo ʁɛjnaʁt] or [dʒɑ̃ɡo ʁenɑʁt]), was a Belgian-born Romani-French jazz guitarist, musician and composer, regarded as one of the greatest musicians of the twentieth century.He was the first jazz talent to emerge from Europe and remains the most significant. The specter of deportation looms over his family, his band, yet he refuses to accept the idea that anyone would harm him, due to his positive notoriety. Reinhardt was born on 23 January 1910 in Liberchies, Pont-à-Celles, Belgium, into a Belgian family of Manouche Romani descent. Anon. But Django Reinhardt was perhaps the best example of a musician who overcame a career-ending injury to achieve international distinction: along the way, he invented a whole new style of jazz guitar. It certainly promises to be entertaining given the dramatic circumstances of Django’s life, and is sure to involve some brilliant guitar playing! Author information: (1)Prosthetics & Orthotics Program, University of Hartford, West Hartford, CT, USA VA Cooperative Studies Program, Department of Veterans Affairs, West Hartford, CT, USA wininger@hartford.edu. Film archives show no evidence of contracture or limitation of movement at the elbow, wrist, thigh, or knee, and so it is likely that these areas healed completely. The last technique particularly suited ninth or minor sixth chords rather than the more conventional major or minor chords of the time, and introduced his audience to a new range of tonal colours. Django Reinhardt. While Bella escaped the inferno, he was not so lucky. I first heard of Django Reinhardt from the admiration of Ardvit in the movie "Swing Kids" (great movie if you haven't seen it). Although the traditional remedies Django received would have included antiseptic herbal poultices (“drab”),27 28 these would not have been sufficiently potent to treat this. See more ideas about Django reinhardt, Gypsy jazz, Jazz. The violinist Stephane Grappelli, who toured with Django for many years, observed that Django’s hand never properly healed and “…would sometimes fester and weep and look very sore…preventing him from playing.”29, Hand injuries can be devastating for musicians, for whom music is their means of self expression and livelihood.30 31 Specialist treatment, intensive rehabilitation and adaptation are often necessary if they are to continue to perform. Percivall J. Despite his injury, Django became jazz's first and arguably greatest guitar virtuoso, adapting an accordion's rippling arpeggios to the instrument and making a melody dance like sunlight on water, so each note was illuminated differently, even at blistering tempos. Paviot P. Django Reinhardt. In 1934 they formed the Quintette du Hot Club de France, the line-up of three acoustic guitars, violin and double bass announcing the Gypsy swing revolution: the first original development in jazz outside the US. When Reinhardt was 18 years old he was badly burned in a fire. He didn't know his wife, Bella, had spent the day making celluloid flowers to sell to mourners at the cemetery the next day. Paris, 2003. These data were compared with anthropometric reference data,24 25 26 ⇓ and used in combination with 3D modelling software (Poser 6, Curious Labs, California) and texture map rendering of scar tissue (Photoshop CS2) to create a virtual model for visualisation.⇓, Fig 2 Computer model of Django’s hand illustrating the deformity and effect of contractures. Copyright © 2020 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd     京ICP备15042040号-3, , consultant anaesthetist and senior clinical tutor, , consultant plastic, reconstructive and burns surgeon, and senior clinical tutor, davidj.williams{at}swansea-tr.wales.nhs.uk, Django: The Life and Music of a Gypsy Legend, The Musician’s Survival Manual: a Guide to Preventing and Treating Injuries in Instrumentalists, Government of Jersey General Hospital: Consultant - General Surgeon with subspecialty interest in Vascular Surgery, Stockton on Tees Council: Consultant in Public Health, Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust: Consultant in Stroke Medicine, Women’s, children’s & adolescents’ health. He was the very first important jazz musician who was born in Europe. Baxter R. (Personal communication), 2008. Django reinhardt kinder. In 1925 in Saint-Ouen, Seine-Saint-Denis, Reinhardt was injured in a fire which ravaged the caravan he shared with Florine "Bella" Mayer, his first wife. UK: Music on Earth Productions Ltd, 2002:188m. Competing interests: David Williams and Tom Potokar are dedicated guitarists, and members of the gypsy jazz trio “Swing Bohème”. Django Reinhardt (born Jean-Baptiste Reinhardt, January 23, 1910 - May 16, 1953) was a Belgian Romani Jazz guitarist, famous for his jaw-dropping virtuosity despite a debilitating burn injury on his left hand. His arpeggios, decomposed chords performed at breakneck speed, fluttered with the grace of hummingbirds. David Williams and Tom Potokar analysed archive photographs to construct a three-dimensional computer model of his injuries. Quintet of the Hot Club De France, Den Haag: (personal collection), 1937:1m50s. Born in a Romani village on the border of Belgium and France, Django showed a very early talent for music. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. France / Italy: René Chateau Video, 1952:92m. This was a very painful procedure, requiring general anaesthesia with chloroform or ether, and the granulating tissue would bleed profusely, requiring cautery. Early excision and grafting of burn injuries was not practiced in this era, but debridement was often performed to remove necrotic tissue and reduce the risk of infection. His father was named Jean Eugene Weiss, but used the alias “Jean-Baptiste Reinhard” on the birth certificate to hide from French military conscription. Alexandre P, Charle F. Plan de la Selmer-Maccaferri Modèle Orchestre. That was never to be: Django suffered a stroke and died suddenly at 43. Guitarist Stephane Wrembel, one of the foremost interpreters of the music of Django Reinhardt, was all set to play some live outdoor shows in Haydenville in … Jeremy J. ... A caravan fire at the age of 18 left Django with a severe injury to his left hand. Django Reinhardt was a virtuoso jazz guitarist and composer who began his career in France at the age of 13. About Django. The ability to play a musical instrument also requires an intact nervous system to provide motor fibres and sensory feedback from cutaneous touch receptors and joint proprioceptors. Django at Bal Tabarin: (personal collection), 1944:2m54s. He married Sophie Irma Naguine Ziegler in July 1943 and they had two children together. Django Reinhardt is on Facebook. Django Reinhardt 1910- 1953 Jazz Guitarist. The future beckoned. His legs were badly burned, his left hand worse. Sign Up. Delayed healing of a burn wound often results in chronic recurrent infection. Django Reinhardt and Stephane Grappelli formed one of the great partnerships of jazz. Gehrig P. Django Reinhardt: Die Legende eines Jazz-Gitarristen. In the original quintet, Django and Stéphane were supported by two rhythm guitars and upright bass. Jean "Django" Reinhardt was born 23 January 1910 in Liberchies, Pont-à-Celles, Belgium, into a family of Manouche gypsies. New York, USA: V.I.E.W Video Inc., 1995:26m. Diamant-Berger H. Clair de Lune. An injury in a fire could have ended Django Reinhardt's career. Reinhardt is often regarded as one of the greatest guitar players of all time and was the first important European jazz musician who made major contributions to the development of the genre. Reinhardt developed a new playing technique to overcome the problem and by the end of World War II he was an international superstar. Influenced by his childhood violin lessons, he often oriented his left hand so that these fingers were almost parallel to the strings instead of perpendicular to the fret board. Born in Liberchies, Pont-à-Celles, Belgium, Reinhardt's Gypsy nickname "Django" was Romani for "I awake. He played them without planning them.” Gress, J (2007), “10 Things You Gotta Do to Play Like Django Reinhardt,” Guitar Player, August 1, 2007. In 1925 in Saint-Ouen, Seine-Saint-Denis, Reinhardt was injured in a fire which ravaged the caravan he shared with Florine "Bella" Mayer, his first wife. Django initially stayed in hospital for 28 days,1 11 by which time any areas of superficial partial thickness injury would have healed. Consequently, their home was full of this highly flammable material. Greiner TM. Now, 110 years after his birth, Rex Stewart's observation that "you only find a musician like Django once in a century" looks on the money. In the acute phase of severe hand burns, swelling occurs which can result in compartment syndrome and irreversible damage to the intrinsic muscles of the hand. Garth Cartwright celebrates the Gypsy king's centenary [13 PDF + 11 MP3 + 1 MIDI] - Reinhardt is often regarded as one of the greatest guitar players of all time and is the first important European jazz musician who made major contributions to the development of the idiom. 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